6.1. SQLite3 About

  • The most popular database in the world

  • File database with

  • Open Source (Public Domain license), written in C

  • It is only 699 KiB

  • Supports for SQL-92 standard (Postgres flavor)

  • SQLite3 is built in in Python

  • It is used by mobile apps on iOS, Android, etc.

  • Almost every app has it's own sqlite3 database

  • Almost every web browser (on desktop) uses SQLite3 database

  • https://sqlitebrowser.org/

6.1.1. Limits

  • Maximum database size: 281 terabytes

  • Maximum number of rows in a table: 2**64 (1.8e+19)

  • Maximum number of columns in a table: 2000

  • Maximum Number Of Tables In A Schema: 2147483646 (a little over 2 billion)

  • Maximum BLOB size: 2147483647 (2**31 - 1)

  • Maximum bytes of SQL statement: 1,000,000,000

  • Maximum tables in a join: 64 tables

  • Maximum number of arguments on a function: 127

  • Maximum number of terms in a compound select statement: 500

  • Maximum length of a LIKE or GLOB pattern: 50000

  • Only partially provides triggers

  • Cannot write to views

  • https://sqlite.org/limits.html

6.1.2. Installation

  1. Download from https://sqlite.org/download.html

  2. Extract archive

  3. Add sqlite executable to PATH:

    • Linux, macOS, etc: move sqlite executable to /usr/local/bin/

    • Windows (proper way): Add folder with extracted sqlite executable to %path% directory by following instruction 1

    • Windows (simple way): If you have GIT installed, move sqlite executable to C:\Program Files\Git\cmd

6.1.3. Verification

To check if Sqlite3 is already installed run in Console/Terminal/CMD:

$ sqlite3 --version

6.1.4. DB API v2

sqlite3.connect(...) -> connection
connection.execute(...) -> result
connection.executemany(...) -> list[result]
connection.fetchmany(...) -> list[result]
connection.fetchone(...) -> result
connection.cursor(...) -> cursor

6.1.5. Command-line interface

  • New in version 3.12

The sqlite3 module can be invoked as a script in order to provide a simple SQLite shell. Type .quit or CTRL-D to exit the shell.

-h, --help
Print CLI help.

-v, --version
Print underlying SQLite library version.

6.1.6. References